::: DATABASE of IMMIGRANTS from Ostrobothnia :::

A     B     C     D     E     F     G     H-Hi    Ho-     I     J     K     L     M     N     O     P     Q     R     S-Stol     Stor-     T     U     V     W     Y     Å     Ö

A

Search Database of Immigrants: Use the "Edit, Find" feature (cmd F as key-strokes) on your web browser to search for surnames or place names

A

  #

ABBOR, Anders Eliasson

b. 1871, Kronoby, Finland

d. 8 Apr 1897

#

ABBOR, Maria Andersdotter

b. 26 Mar 1881, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1909

d. 4 Oct 1968

#

ADAHL, Arne Alvar Axelsson

b. 11 Apr 1908, Kronoby, Finland To Canada 1929

Declared dead 1 Jan 1985

#

AHLBERG, Ernst Alexander

b. 7 Mar 1887, Karleby, Finland To USA1907

Declared dead 12 Feb 1981

#

AHLBERG, Ester Charlotta

b. 26 Apr 1884, Karleby, Finland To USA 1909

Declared dead 15 May 1978

#

AHLBERG, Naima Sofia Johansdotter Bysund-

b. 7 Mar 1886, Karleby, Finland To USA bef 1911

#

AHLGREN, Gunnel Alfhild Osvaldsdotter Sundqvist-

b. 26 Aug 1928, Gamlakarleby, Finland To Canada 1950

#

AHLHOLM, Ellen Elvira Alfredsdotter Kankkonen-

b. 31 Oct 1888, Helsingfors, Finland To USA 1913 - New York

#

AHLHOLM, Karl Fredrik

b. 25 Dec 1854, Finland To USA 1881

Declared dead 1 Jan 1940

#

AHLQVIST, Alexander Alexandersson Mastobacka-

b. 28 Oct 1872, Karleby, Finland

d. 18 Jan 1915, New York

#

AHLQVIST, Signe Johanna Johansdotter Junttila-Händelin-

b. 27 Mar 1902, Karleby, Finland To USA 1920 - Coos Bay, Oregon

#

AHLSKOG, Alarik Knut

b. 26 Apr 1873, Karleby, Finland To USA

Declared dead 18 Sep 1939

#

AHLSKOG, Anna Brita Johansdotter

b. 1 Aug 1840, Nedervetil, Finland To USA 1900

d. 28 Dec 1911, America

#

AHLSKOG (Borg, Silakka, Hassinen), Anna Matilda Mattsdotter

b. 5 Sep 1867, Nedervetil, Finland To USA 1899

Married #2 Emil Hassinen

 #

AHLSKOG, August Mattsson

b. 27 Jun 1881, Malax, Finland

d. 1 Aug 1955, Seattle, Washington

#

AHLSKOG, Bruno Edvin

b. 8 Jul 1877, Karleby, Finland To USA 1900

d. 15 Jul 1953, Kansas City, Missouri

#

AHLSKOG, Carl Emil Jacobsson

b. 26 Sep 1853, Karleby, Finland To USA 1872

d. 3 Feb 1897, America

#

AHLSKOG, Carl Sigfrid Jacobsson

b. 5 Sep 1865, Karleby, Finland To USA

Declared dead 18 Sep 1939

#

AHLSKOG, Erik Mattsson

b. 5 Aug 1841, Nedervetil, Finland To USA 1873

d. 22 Apr 1887, America

#

AHLSKOG, Ernst Mattsson

b. 20 May 1895, Nedervetil, Finland To USA

 

#

AHLSKOG, Karl Johan Mattsson (changed to Charles Skoog)

b. 11 Jan 1865, Karleby, Finland

d. Ludington, Michigan

#

AHLSKOG, Matts Herman Mattsson

b. 1 Aug 1880, Nedervetil, Finland

d. 10 Oct 1949, America

#

AHLSTRAND, Hilma Elenia Hugosdotter Jänislampi-

b. 11 Aug 1906, Nedervetil, Finland To USA

d. 18 Nov 1921, America

#

AHLSTRÖM, Edla Johanna Mattsdotter Haals-

b. 5 Mar 1860, Karleby, Finland To USA

#

AHLSTRÖM, Erling Leander

b. 10 Sep 1902, Kronoby, Finland To Australia 1924

d. 5 Jun 1967

#

AHLSTRÖM, Helge Enok Mattsson Wentjärvi-

b. 3 Jan 1906, Karleby, Finland To Australia

#

AHLSTRÖM, Leander Mattsson

b. 8 May 1868, Finland, To USA

#

AHONEN, August Augustsson

b. 5 Jul 1879, Sahalahti, Finland To USA 1906

d. 11 Jul 1950

#

AHONEN, Tyyne Elise Augustsdotter

b. 23 Jan 1906, Karleby, Finland To USA 1907

#

AINASOJA, Iida Joonasdotter Pylkkä-

b. 22 Feb 1893, Nivala, Finland

d. 12 Mar 1954, America

#

AINASOJA, Loonas Joonasson Pylkkä-

b. 21 Feb 1885, Nivala, Finland

d. 2 Apr 1959, America

#

AITTANIEMI, Anna Sofia Johansdotter

b. 27 Jan 1878, Saloinen, Finland To USA 1895

d. 10 Sep 1896, America

#

AITTANIEMI, Einar August Johansson

b. 19 Aug 1880, Saloinen, Finland To USA 1904

#

AITTANIEMI, (Mäenpää), Fanni Alexandra Johansdotter

b. 27 Feb 1892, Saloinen, Finland To USA 1913

#

AITTANIEMI, Ida Maria Johansdotter

b. 18 Feb 1890, Saloinen, Finland To USA 26 Jun 1912

declared dead 1 Jan 1981

#

AITTANIEMI, Johan Henrik Johansson

b. 25 May 1883, Saloinen, Finland To USA 1903

#

AITTANIEMI, Kajsa Sofia Henriksdotter Tikkala-

b. 3 Apr 1873, Pattijoki, Finland To USA

#

AITTANIEMI, Matts Klas Karlsson

b. 4 Oct 1870, Saloinen, Finland To USA

#

AITTANIEMI, Rosa Josefina Johansdotter

b. 7 Jul 1885, Saloinen, Finland To USA 1903

#

ALAKORPI, Abraham Viktor Henriksson Ruuska-

b. 5 Jan 1863, Halso, Finland

d. 24 Jul 1897, America

#

ALALAURI, (Newman), Anna Andersdotter -Lauri-

b. 5 Jan 1889, Lumijoki, Finland

d. 15 Mar 1975, America

#

ALASPÄÄ, Sofia Mattsdotter

b. 29 Nov 1878, Finland To USA 1895

Declared dead 17 Mar 1975

#

ALBRECHT, Ingegard Fredrika

b. 7 Aug 1906, Esse, Finland To Brazil

#

ALM, Anders Eliel

b. 1904, Kronoby, Finland To Canada

d. 16 Mar 1939

#

ALM, Brita Johanna Johansdotter

b. 27 Nov 1861, Nedervetil , Finland

d. 12 Sep 1948, Duluth, Minnesota

#

ALM, Erhard Johan Vilhelmsson

b. 24 Apr 1901, Terjärv, Finland To Canada 1925

Declared dead 1 Jan 1977

#

ALM, Erhard Johannes Vilhelmsson

b. 24 Apr 1901, Terjärv, Finland To Canada 17 Jul 1925

#

ALM, Hildur Sofia Mattsdotter Mattsson-

b. 6 May 1896, Lepplax, Finland To Canada 17 Jul 1925

#

ALM, Lisa Henriksdotter

b. 24 Jan 1876, Karleby, Finland To USA 1897

d. 31 May 1960

#

ALM, Verner Olof Vilhelmsson

b. 16 Apr 1908, Terjärv, Finland To Canada 1926

d. 6 Nov 1962

#

ALM, Viktor Johan-Henriksson

b. 12 Nov 1889, Nedervetil, Finland To USA 1907

 

#

ANDERSDOTTER, Ida Irene

b. 5 Jun 1893, Kallsträsk, Finland To USA ca 1902

d. 1938, America

#

ANDERSON, Anders Albert Andersson Lillåivo-

b. 12 Aug 1898, Gamlakarleby, Finland

d. 6 May 1955, America

#

ANDERSON, Anders Emil Andersson Kykyr-

b. 17 Jul 1872, Karleby, Finland

d. America

#

ANDERSON, Artur Johannes Pelander-

b. 3 Oct 1889, Nedervetil, Finland

d. 1963, Duluth, Minnesota

#

ANDERSON, Herman Andersson Pernula-

b. 16 Jun 1866, Kuusamo, Finland

d. 20 May 1926, Astoria, Oregon

#

ANDERSON, Hilda Johanna Andersdotter Pelander-

b. 16 Jun 1880, Helsingfors, Finland

d. 3 Apr 1966, Duluth, Minnesota

#

ANDERSON, Hilma Elisabet Andersdotter Pelander-

b. 19 Feb 1884, Pelo, Nedervetil, Finland

d. Feb 1965, Duluth, Minnesota

#

ANDERSON (Fredrickson), Ida Maria Augustsdotter Högbacka-

b. 17 Dec 1874, Nykarleby, Finland To USA 1899

d. 5 Nov 1941, Bremerton, Washington

#

ANDERSON, John (Johannes) Andersson Pelander-

b. 23 Jun 1852, Pelo, Nedervetil, Finland

d. 30 Jan 1904, Duluth, Minnesota

#

ANDERSON, John (Johannes Jon) Andersson Murmästar-

b. 18 Aug 1864, Fagernäs, Larsmo, Finland

d. 11 May 1938, Duluth, Minnesota

#

ANDERSON, Maria Johanna Andersdotter Kykyr-

b. 11 Nov 1869, Karleby, Finland

d. 12 Oct 1905, Fort Bragg, California

#

ANDERSON, Maria Sofia Mattsdotter Hagström-

b. 30 Jul 1877, Karleby, Finland

d. East Tawas, Michigan

#

ANDERSON, Onni Engelberg Johansson Pelander-

b. 22 Oct 1893, Nedervetil, Finland

d. Dec. 1970, Superior, Wisconsin

#

ANDERSON, Selma Konstantina Johansdotter Pelander-

b. 8 Jul 1882, Helsingfors, Finland

d. 27 Mar 1947, Duluth, Minnesota

#

ANDERSON, Sofia Johansdotter Bosund-

b. 8 Dec 1869, Larsmo, Finland

d. America

#

ANDERSSON, Alexander

b. 22 Feb 1883, Kronoby, Finland To USA

#

ANDERSSON, Alexander

b. Terjärv, Finland To USA

d. 1943, Coos Bay/Marshfield, Oregon

#

ANDERSSON, Alexander Hästö-

b. 22 Feb 1883, Kronoby, Finland To USA

 

#

ANDERSSON, Alfred Karlsson

b. 3 Jan 1863, Karleby, Finland To USA 1880

d. 1 Mar 1933, USA

#

ANDERSSON, Anders

b. 27 Dec 1897, Haapabacka, Finland To Canada

#

ANDERSSON, Anders

b. 3 Dec 1866, Storkamp, Finland To USA 6 Aug 1889

#

ANDERSSON, Anders Andersson Huggare-

b. 4 Jun 1869, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1890

d. 29 May 1903, America

#

ANDERSSON, Anders Hästö-

b. 25 Feb 1881, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1901

#

ANDERSSON, Anders Karlsson

b. 27 Nov 1869, Finland To USA 1891

d. 11 Mar 1899, America

#

ANDERSSON, Anders Vilhelm

b. 11 Dec 1888, Åvist, Finland To USA

#

ANDERSSON, Anna Julia Andersdotter

b. 25 Dec 1879, Karleby, Finland To USA 1903

d. 6 Dec 1906

#

ANDERSSON, August

b. 12 Oct 1876, Pedersöre, Finland To USA 1892

#

ANDERSSON, Axel

b. 12 Jan 1875, Pedersöre, Finland To USA 1893

d. 3 Sep 1941, America

#

ANDERSSON, Bertha Alina Johansdotter Wiklund-

b. 1 Jun 1877, Karleby, Finland To USA 1900 - Coos Bay, Oregon

d. 1905, Coos Bay/Marshfield, Oregon, USA

#

ANDERSSON, Brita Johanna Johansdotter

b. 13 Aug 1879, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1904

d. 12 Oct 1959

#

ANDERSSON, Brita Maria Mattsdotter

b. 27 Aug 1841, Karleby, Finland

#

ANDERSSON, Edit Johanna Alexandersdotter Kaino-

b. 14 Apr 1897, Nedervetil, Finland To USA 1914

d. Mar 1985, Albuquerque, New Mexico

#

ANDERSSON, Edla Sofia Karlsdotter

b. 1 Dec 1872, Finland

d. 20 Mar 1897

#

ANDERSSON, Elna Maria Johansdotter Junttila-

b. 2 Jun 1897, Karleby, Finland To USA 1914 - Coos Bay, Oregon

#

ANDERSSON, Erik

b. 28 Dec 1850, Kallträsk, Finland To USA 15 May 1884

#

ANDERSSON, Ester Valdine Fahlur-

b. 1905, Jakobstad, Finland To USA - Oregon

#

ANDERSSON, Evert

b. 9 Sep 1883 Kråknäs, Finland To USA

#

ANDERSSON, Gustav

b. 9 Jan 1876, Stennabba, Finland To USA

#

ANDERSSON, Gustava Johansdotter

b. 6 Apr 1862, Karleby, Finland To USA 1879; 1899

Declared dead 1 Jan 1958

#

ANDERSSON, Hanna Mattsdotter

b. 12 Dec 1879, Kornjärvi, Finland To USA 20 Sep 1900

#

ANDERSSON, Herman

b. 1883, Forsby, Finland To USA

#

ANDERSSON, Hugo Leander Hästö-

b. 24 Feb 1897, Kronoby, Finland

d. 4 Jul 1965, Duluth, Minnesota

#

ANDERSSON (Lax), Ida Johanna Andersdotter

b. 16 Feb 1880, Esse, Finland To USA

Declared dead 1 Jan 1976- California?

#

ANDERSSON, Jakob

b. 1 Nov 1872, Storkamp, Finland To USA 13 Oct 1890

#

ANDERSSON, Jakob

b. 18 May 1880, Nybränn, Finland To USA

#

ANDERSSON, Johan

b. 14 Dec 1860, Siisbacka, Finland To USA 15 Aug 1882

#

ANDERSSON, Johan

b. 22 Jul 1876, Storkamp, Finland To USA 31 Jan 1896

#

ANDERSSON, Johan Andersson Häggman-

b. 15 Nov 1885, Esse, Finland To USA

d. 19 Mar 1936, America

#

ANDERSSON, Johan Viktor

b. 25 Jul 1881, Kronoby, Finland To USA

d. 15 Apr 1952

#

ANDERSSON, Johan Viktor Andersson Åsmus-

b. 27 Jun 1860, Karleby, Finland To USA 1879

d. 27 Feb 1904, America

#

ANDERSSON, Johanna Johansdotter Värnö-

b. 6 Oct 1862, Esse, Finland To USA

d. 8 Jun 1950, America

#

ANDERSSON, Johannes

b. 14 Dec 1860, Siisbacka, Finland To USA

#

ANDERSSON, Kajsa Sofia Mattsdotter Högnäs-

b. 24 Nov 1866, Hopsala, Kronoby To USA

d. 30 Nov 1925, America

#

ANDERSSON, Karl Johansson

b. 22 Jan 1849, Örebro, Sweden To USA

d. 27 Jan 1901

#

ANDERSSON, Karl Vilhelm Andersson Fäboda-

b. 6 Apr 1869, Jakobstad, Finland To USA 1891

#

ANDERSSON, Leander Andersson Lassas-

b. 26 Apr 1885, Terjärv, Finland To USA before 1909

#

ANDERSSON, Lovisa Andersdotter Backa-

b. 18 Sep 1849, Backa, Finland To USA 15 May 1884

#

ANDERSSON, Maria Charlotta Henriksson

b. 10 Aug 1884, Naars, Finland To USA 4 May 1903

#

ANDERSSON, Maria Lovisa Mattsdotter Källbacka-

b. 19 Dec 1879, Purmo, Finland To USA 9 May 1896

d. 1947, America

#

ANDERSSON, Matts

b. 12 Apr 1880, Stennabba, Finland To USA

#

ANDERSSON, Matts Alfred Andersson

b. 26 Aug 1862, Karleby, Finland To USA 1879; -99

Declared dead 1 Jan 1958

#

ANDERSSON, Matts Leander Andersson

b. 9 Nov 1867, Purmo, Finland To USA

#

ANDERSSON, Petter Herman

b. 28 Jun 1877, Pedersöre, Finland To USA

d. 2 May 1940, America

#

ANDERSSON, Rudolf Bernhard Andersson

b. 19 Apr 1899, Karleby, Finland To USA 1899

#

ANDERSSON, Senne Johanna Karlsdotter Vitick-

b. 15 Jul 1884, Karleby, Finland To USA

#

ANDERSSON, Simon

b. 13 May 1851, Kornjärvi, Finland To USA 27 Feb 1892

#

ANDERSSON, Sofia

b. 24 Mar 1882, Stennabba, Finland To USA

#

ANDERSSON, Viktor

b. 27 Jun 1866, Pedersöre, Finland To USA 1890

d. 27 Aug 1944, America

#

ANDERSSON, Vilhelm

b. 24 Nov 1885, Kornjärvi, Finland To USA 5 Oct 1906

d. 9 Mar 1907, America

#

ANDERSSON, Vilhelmina Nilsdotter Björklund-

b. 6 Jun 1888, Kronoby, Finland To USA

d. 7 Feb 1977, America

#

ANDTBACKA, Adolf Sigfrid

b. 18 Dec 1901, Kronoby, Finland To Canada

d. 13 Jan 1957

#

ANDTBACKA, Anders Andersson

b. 7 Jun 1858, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1890

Declared dead 1 Jan 1958

#

ANDTBACKA, Axel Hansson

b. 10 Dec 1879, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1900

Declared dead 1 Jan 1971

#

ANDTBACKA, Axel Ragnar

b. 12 Sep 1899, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1901

d. 13 Feb 1974

#

ANDTBACKA, Edit Agda Viktorsdotter

b. 27 Jan 1900, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1901

Declared dead 1 Jan 1977

#

ANDTBACKA, Johan Alfred Simonsson

b. 1890, Kronoby, Finland To Canada

d. 21 May 1929, Canada

#

ANDTBACKA, Johan Henriksson

b. 29 Oct 1867, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1893

#

ANDTBACKA, Johan Simonsson Lyttare-

b. 10 Mar 1866, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1889

Declared dead 1 Jan 1958

#

ANDTBACKA, Leander Simonsson

b. 14 Jan 1883, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1902

Declared dead 31 Dec 1974

#

ANDTBACKA (Döragrip), Maria Amanda

b. 5 Apr 1880, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1901

d. 17 Feb 1966, Canada

#

ANDTBACKA, Maria Elisabet Simonsdotter

b. 1879, Kronoby, Finland To USA

d. 22 Jan 1922

#

ANDTBACKA, Simon Alfred Simonsson

b. 27 May 1880, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1902

Declared dead 31 Dec 1972

#

ANDTBACKA, Uno Vilhelm Karlsson

b. 1909, Kronoby, Finland To USA

d. 29 Oct 1932

#

ANDTBACKA, Viktor Andersson

b. 23 Jan 1876, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1900

Declared dead 1 Jan 1968

#

ANDTBACKA, Vilhelm Hansson

b. 8 Aug 1883, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1903

Declared dead 1 Jan 1977

 

#

ANDTBACKA, (Backlund), Vilhelmina Simonsdotter

b. 7 Mar 1885, Maaninka, Finland To USA 1903

Declared dead 31 Dec 1974

#

ANTBACKA, Adolf Simonsson

b. 1901, Kronoby, Finland To Canada

#

ANTTILA, Ingeborg Britt-Mari Börjesdotter Torrkulla-

b. 3 Nov 1943, Kronoby, Finland To Canada

#

ANTTILA, Roger Anders Alvarsson

b. 30 Apr 1939, Karleby, Finland To Canada

#

ANTUS (Pärus), Maja Brita Andersdotter

b. 18 Dec 1846, Vörå, Finland To USA 1904

#

APPEL, (Mattson), Hilma

b. 17 Nov 1887, Tjöck, Finland To USA - Chisholm, Minnesota

#

APPELQVIST, Albin Johansson

b. 14 Aug 1897, Åbo, Finland To USA

d. 25 Dec 1957, New York, USA

#

APPELQVIST, (Lilyeqvist), Edla Sofia Jakobsdotter Apalahti-

b. 24 Aug 1861, Gamlakarleby, Finland

d. 9 Mar 1947, Iosco County, Michigan

#

APPLIN, Edla Sofia Karlsdotter Harald-

b. 19 Dec 1864, Karleby, Finland

d. 30 Jul 1964, East Tawas, Michigan, USA

#

ASK, Erik Emil Annasson

b. 30 Aug 1878, Lochteå, Finland To USA 1900

Declared dead 31 Dec 1972

#

ASK, Lydia Karlsdotter Harald-

b. 6 Oct 1891/92, Karleby, Finland To USA 1912

#

ASMUNDELA, Matts Jalmari Ottosson

b. 1 May 1883, Ullava, Finland

d. 3 Nov 1965, Florida

#

ASPLUND, Anders Carlsson

b. 3 May 1856, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1881

Declared dead 1 Jan 1958

#

ASPLUND, Anders Jacobsson

b. 24 Jul 1867, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1885

Declared dead 1 Jan 1958

#

ASPLUND, Hans Carlsson

b. 22 Dec 1853, Kronoby, Finland

d. 24 Nov 1913, Marshfield, Oregon

Married Johanna Mattsdotter Ventjärvi, 1852-1937

#

ASPLUND, Johan Carlsson

b. 12 Mar 1864, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1890

Declared dead 1 Jan 1958

#

ASPLUND, Karl Wilhelm Hansson

b. 1 Dec 1880, Kronoby, Finland

d. 27 Mar 1954, Portland, Oregon

#

ASPLUND, lnger Viola Nylund-

b. 13 May 1922, Larsmo, Finland To Canada

d. 11 Aug 1974, Canada

#

ASPLUND, Leander Johansson

b. 25 Mar 1858, Karleby, Finland To USA 1880

#

ASPLUND, Maria Carlsdotter

b. 27 Mar 1866, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1891

Declared dead 1 Jan 1958

#

ASPLUND, Maria Emilia

b. 27 Nov 1878, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1895

Declared dead 1 Jan 1971

#

ASPLUND, Maria Johanna Johansdotter

b. 14 Oct 1855, Karleby, Finland To USA 1904

#

ASPLUND, (Thur), Selma Adina Mattsdotter

b. 5 Dec 1911, Kauhajärvi, Finland To USA

#

ASPLUND, Seppo Rafael Artursson

b. 30 Nov 1925, Jakobstad, Finland To Canada

#

ASPLUND, Teodor Melvin Matts-Teodorsson

b. 25 Jul 1906, Kronoby, Finland To Canada 1930

#

ASPLUND, Viktor Nilsson

b. 7 Mar 1873, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1893

#

ASPLUND, Viktor Nilsson

b. 4 Aug 1873, Kronoby, Finland To USA 1890

Declared dead 1 Jan 1968

#

ASPLUND, William

b. 1877, Kronoby, Finland To USA

d. 14 Apr 1946

#

ASPLÖF, Anders Albert

b. 23 Dec 1860, Karleby, Finland To USA 1889

Declared dead 1 Jan 1957

#

ASPLÖF, Johan Sanfred

b. 13 Jun 1865, Karleby, Finland To Denmark 1901

Declared dead 1 Jan 1960

#

ASPNÄS, Anders Mattsson

b. 24 Nov 1859, Pedersöre, Finland

d. 19 Jun 1924, Caldwell, Idaho

#

AURAS (Sjöblom), Johanna Sofia Simonsdotter

b. 23 Mar 1877, Oravais, Finland To USA

#

AXELIN, Maria Sofia

b. 5 Mar 1870, Karleby, Finland To USA 1888

d. 20 Aug 1922, America

#

AXELL, Justus Engelbert Karlsson

b. 13 Jul 1888, Karleby, Finland To USA 1907

d. 17 Aug 1964

 

Genealogy research          Emigrant tracking          Emigrant ships

[Back]